Comfort and speed: a German Ice train. Photograph: Torsten Silz/AFP/Getty Images
Germany's high-speed rail network has put paid to short-haul flights between several cities. Once, there were hundreds of flights a day transferring tens of thousands of passengers between Berlin and Hamburg, Frankfurt and Cologne, Frankfurt and Stuttgart, Bremen and Cologne. All have been closed down due to cheaper and faster rail travel.
Eighteen years after the introduction of modern high-speed rail to Germany the overwhelming verdict is that the Ice – Inter City Express – and Icec – Intercity Eurocity – have transformed travel around the country and put the rail network on a par with Japan's Shinkasen or France's TGV. Germany's 21, 000-mile rail network now boasts about 800 miles of high-speed track, averaging 150mph.
The journey considered to be the nearest modern equivalent to magic carpet rides is the Cologne-Frankfurt route, which used to take over two hours but has been cut to just over an hour. Taking the car is hardly an alternative, when even whizzing in your BMW on the speed limit-free autobahn would take twice as long as the train. Berlin to Hamburg by rail now takes about 90 minutes, whereas a few years ago a flight would have taken at least two hours, taking check-in time into account.
"There was a time, " says Karl-Peter Naumann, of the train passengers' association Pro Bahn, "when some people still chose planes above trains, for comfort reasons. It was a question of prestige for some, for others of collecting their air miles. But now rail travel can be as comfortable, if not more so, than flying."
There is a rule of thumb, says Naumann, according to which "by every 1% you decrease the journey time, your passenger numbers increase by the same amount".
There are plans to extend routes, some of which are still in the pipeline. Others are in the building stages, including Stuttgart to Ulm, Fulda to Frankfurt, and the most prestigious, long-awaited and controversial project, Nuremberg to Leipzig, which is expected to cost upwards of €8bn and to be completed between 2015 and 2020. The new stretch is expected to shave three hours off the current seven-hour journey between Munich and Berlin.
"The biggest challenge is the relationship between the price of building, the cost of running the system and the passenger growth potential, which in turn is linked to the price of flying, which is still relatively cheap, due to the low taxes on kerosene for airlines. So there remains a question mark, " says Naumann.what does omeco mean in japanese How does wes matheosn do his tricks How to help someone with an eating disorder How to decrease cholesterol Tips on how to be granted on 100% hospital charity what time does the dow close what does it mean to love someone How to make shrimp cocktail? How to replace high heel tips How to get engrams destiny tips and tricks what does ford mean How to make money on gta 5 online How to lock cells in excel? what does a mucus plug look like what does seeing a dragonfly mean How to become an optometrist How much does it cost to get a dog neutered How to remove tips from your nails what are the 5 elements what does an introvert mean what does the prefix sub mean Tips on how to write a argumentaive analysis essays What figurtive language is dannys dog does tricks every day what does 20 mean How to keep skunks away How to get rid of stray cats what does it mean when your eye is red what does convection mean what does delirious mean what horny mean what does burnished mean what does a product owner do How to draw bluey? what states are affected by colonial pipeline what does follow mean How to get more views on youtube Tricks social workers play on you to get what they want what are back spasms How to remove wrinkles from face quickly? what does green mucus mean what are your values what does dams mean Tv on the radio when the moon is full gonna teach you tricks How to screenshot on chromebook How long does it take for viagra to work what does po mean in baseball How to do eye makeup How to jump start car what does high carbon dioxide in blood mean? what does homo sapien mean How to heal a cut tongue fast what does the arrow mean in a chemical equation What size nozzle spray tips for 30 inch spacing for chemical application How to do beginner tricks on a dirt bike what are suburbs what does emergen c do How to give robux to people How to turn off active status on facebook? Davinci resolve how to do cool tricks Tips on how to play jinx league of legends How to tie dye a shirt what does epi mean How to teach a hermit crab tricks what does a crossover mean How long does it take to get a marriage license How to balance your ph? How to connect samsung tv to wifi what does brandy taste like How much does it cost to replace windows Why share your money saving tricks with other people How to unlock a verizon phone? How to double 10k quickly? what does nsf stand for what does asymptomatic mean what does 9999 mean what are bangers and mash How to draw a dog? What were john wayne macys tricks what does sfs mean in snap How to get $100 dollars for vaccine? How to fax How long does food take to digest what do the different emojis mean How much do waitresses earn in tips at joe's crab shack How to play stonehearth tips Logic pro how to hide tips How to get your birth certificate what time does depp trial begin People who do tricks on horses How to make quinoa? What causes blisters on the tips of fingers How to sell on crypto.com How to make press on nails last? what time does lidl open what does nsfw mean in text what age does a man stop getting hard How to shut down ipad? Why does my indoor palm have brown tips How to go into hiding tips what does a dream about a wedding mean what does it mean if you sweat a lot How to tell if someone blocked you How to unclog a sink? How to weight increase tips what are dominicans mixed with How to factory reset iphone xr what does link up mean what does 0 apr mean what does patriarchal mean How to balance a ceiling fan? Tips on how to ride a motorcycle in corners what are baby geese called People gathered around who is doing tricks in gaul what does bisexual really mean what does it mean when your water breaks what does mercy mean Why is my spider plant tips turning brown Whats a word that describes someone who tricks people