Railway companies in Europe assign their trains to different categories or train types depending on their role. Passenger trains may be broadly split into long-distance and local trains; the latter having average journey times of under an hour and a range of less than 50 kilometres. Goods trains have their own train types. The names of these train types has changed continually in the course of time.
A train type is not essentially a trademark name. However there are trademark names that are also used as train types (e.g. CityNightLine, Cisalpino, VogtlandExpress).
European long-distance/high-speed rail brands
|EC||Various European countries|
|EST||United Kingdom/France, United Kingdom/Belgium|
|ICE||Germany, Austria, Germany/Netherlands, Germany/Switzerland, Germany/Austria, Germany/France, Germany/Denmark, Germany/Belgium|
|RJ||Austria, Austria/Hungary, Austria/Germany, Austria/Switzerland, Austria/Czech Republic, Czech Republic|
|SC||Czech Republic, Slovakia|
|TGV||France, France/Switzerland, France/Germany, France/Italy, France/Luxembourg, France/Belgium, France/Spain|
|TH||Spain, Spain/Portugal, Spain/France, Spain/Switzerland, Spain/Italy|
- Euro Night
- TGV (Switzerland/France)
- TGV Lyria (Switzerland/France)
- EuroCity -EC
- Intercity -IC
- Intercity-Neigezug -ICN
- InterRegio -IR
- RegioExpress -RE
- Regio -R
- S-Bahn -S(#)
Private operators (Austria, Germany and Switzerland)InterCity (IC) A train connecting Belgium's major cities. These trains stop at the most important stations only, sometimes crossing national borders as well. InterRegio (IR) A train connecting Belgium's major cities with smaller cities. These trains generally skip smaller stations. Comparable to German Regional-Express Piekuurtrein/rush-hour train (P) Additional scheduled train service that is limited to times at which the demand for a certain route is at its highest. The number of stops varies between trains. Lokale trein/local train (L) Local trains usually connect larger cities, but will stop at (nearly) every station along the way. Similar to German Regionalbahn CityRail (CR) Suburban train connecting towns and cities around Brussels. Stops at (nearly) every station. Tourist train (ICT) Additional scheduled train service that is limited to times at which the demand for a certain touristic destination is at its highest. The number of stops varies between trains. Extra train Additional train service, used in case of exceptionally good weather to accommodate more passengers on routes to the coast or in case of special events such as concerts. Eurocity (EC) International train meeting certain quality criteria. International train (INT) Regular international train. Thalys (THA) High-speed trains to Germany, France and The Netherlands. (operated by SNCF, DB, NS and NMBS) TGV High-speed trains to France. (Operated by SNCF) ICE High-speed trains to Germany. (Operated by DB) Eurostar (EST) High-speed trains to France and the UK. (operated by SNCF, NMBS and Eurostar UK Ltd.) Eurocity (EC) international high-class service express trains Intercity (IC) national and international express trains Intercity Nagibni (ICN) national express trains using tilting DMUs Brzi vlak (Brzi) literally "fast train", lower class national and international long-distance trains stopping in larger towns Ubrzani vlak (Ubrz) literally "accelerated train", local trains skipping some stations, at the same tariff as regular local trains (putnički) Putnički vlak (Putn) literally "passenger train", local trains stopping at every station highest-standard trains requiring reservation, made of modern tilting-train units operating on both national and international routes highest-standard trains requiring reservation, operating on both national and international routes from 2014 (Praha - Brno - Wien - Graz) Eurocity (EC) higher-standard international trains, consisting of new or modernised cars of several rail companies and stopping at selected stations only Euronight (EN) international sleeper trains Intercity (IC) the highest category of national trains, with carriages and stopping frequencies comparable to the EC trains. Currently, category IC uses the private railway company RegioJet and České dráhy (Czech Railways) private trains, similar to the IC category private trains, similar to the IC category Express (Ex) faster trains linking regions, mostly faster and more comfortable than the R trains Rychlík vyšší kvality (Rx) the newly introduced category of longer-distance trains, usually with new carriages. Introduced to distinguish R category trains using old carriages with new units. Rychlík (R) the lowest category of longer-distance train, usually quite slow and with old carriages Spěšný vlak (Sp) local trains stopping on selected stations only Osobní vlak (Os) local trains stopping at every station See also:
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